Graphene is known as the allotrope of carbon consisting of a single layer of atoms arranged in such a manner that it gives the appearance of a two-dimensional honeycomb. It is composed of carbon atoms that bond together to form a sheet which is just one atom thick. Due to the honeycomb arrangement, it is very flexible, lightweight, and porous. Graphene is a super-strong material, even stronger than the diamond itself. It possesses endless possibilities and astounding properties that could change the world. It is a promising nanomaterial being the thinnest and the strongest material ever to be discovered. It shows great rays of hope as it comes out as a great conductor of electricity and it conducts better heat than any other material. It is very dense but it seems optically transparent.
Scientists are of the idea that graphene has the power to revolutionize the world and has named it the “miracle material”. This material was first isolated by Andre Geim and Kostya Novoselov, professors of the University of Manchester in the year 2004. Graphene is a million times thinner than a human hair, yet it is so much stronger than steel or any other material. It shows promising hope when it hits the industry as it can be made water-resistant as well. Around 23 countries in the world have already indulged in research to put it to greater use.
If used properly, graphene could end a number of issues faced by the world currently. It could bring clean water to people by converting it into a porous sheet that can efficiently remove salt and saltwater. Graphene also possesses the quality to make computers cheaper and oil spill mops a notch better. Most importantly, it has the capability of providing promising reusable batteries called supercapacitors. These batteries can store a greater amount of energy and recharge quicker than ever! Thus, graphene is a promising material and it’s indeed a “miracle material”. The world will be more advanced once it makes use of the plethora of advantages the material presents!