Thailand plans to turn about half its prisons into tourist attractions to boost visitor numbers. This is a bid by Thailand to recover from an economic slump caused by the coronavirus outbreak. Sporting events, art exhibitions, cooking contests, and souvenirs made by inmates will be rolled out in 72 of the country’s 143 prisons, Justice Minister Somsak Thepsuthin has announced. A pilot scheme is being tested in five prisons, including those in the cities of Trat, Rayong, and Ratchaburi. This would not only bring much-needed tourism but also prepare inmates for a “normal life in society” and change the image of prisons from being “a twilight world to a world of opportunities”.
The concept of prison tourism is not new. From tours of Alcatraz in San Francisco to the notorious Hoa Lo prison in Hanoi that is now a museum, prisons are major attractions worldwide. Some defunct prisons have even been converted into luxury hotels, while a women’s jail in Colombia has a restaurant run by inmates, and a Singapore prison hosts an annual charitable run. But it would not be acceptable to lure a tourist without addressing fundamental concerns about Thailand’s prison system. Overcrowding and a large number of women inmates remain a major problem. Thailand has the largest prison population in Southeast Asia, and inmates have limited access to medical facilities, food, water, and sanitation, according to a 2017 report by the International Federation for Human Rights.
A 2017 law was aimed at improving conditions of prisons, and Thailand’s Justice Ministry has vowed to ease overcrowding, as well as provide vocational training for prisoners. The tourism project is a part of this plan. Thailand’s tourism-dependent economy has taken a hit from the coronavirus, with only about 8 million visitors expected this year, a fifth of last year’s total. Thailand has successfully turned the islands of Koh Tao and Koh Tarutao – which were once prisons – into popular tourist spots.